Broken Windows Theory
The term "Broken Windows" comes from the metaphor used to describe this concept: "If a window is broken and left unrepaired, people walking by will conclude that no one cares and no one is in charge." This theory says that the little things matter.
Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani adopted the Broken Windows Theory and implemented a community-policing strategy focused on order maintenance.Graffiti was washed nightly from subway cars, subway turnstile jumpers arrested, and trash picked up among other things.Minor, seemingly insignificant, quality-of-life crimes were found to be the tipping point for violent crime.When New York "windows" were repaired, crime dropped.
The Missoula Police Department has made the Broken Windows theory an integral part of our law enforcement strategy, with the emphasis on maintaining our high standard of living we currently enjoy today.
The Broken Window Theory by Professor James Q. Wilson and Professor George Kelling, which is now well over 30 years old, has been used successfully worldwide by small towns as well as cities as large as New York.